संस्कृत भाषा की महानता पर
रुटगर कोर्स्टेनहॉर्स्टका एक महत्वपूर्ण भाषण मिला है। रुटगर संस्कृत के प्रकांड
विद्वान हैं और आयरलैंड में संस्कृत पढ़ाते हैं। उनका कहना है कि सारी
भाषाएं समय के साथ बदली हैं। यह बदलाव भाषा को भ्रष्ट करता है।
लेकिन संस्कृत की गरिमा यह है कि वह प्रारंभ से जस की तस है।
सभी भाषाओं की मां है। इसको पढ़ना खुद को समझदार और कुशल बनाना है। इसकी
ध्वनियां विलक्षण हैं।
अंग्रेजी में दिए गए इस भाषण का एक अंश आप भी पढ़ें।
The importance of Samskrit language
Samskrit stands out above all other languages for its beauty of sound, precision in pronunciation and reliability as well as thoroughness in every aspect of its structure. This is why it has never fundamentally changed unlike all other languages. It has had no need to change being the most perfect language of Mankind.
If we consider Shakespeare’s English, we realize how different and therefore difficult for us his English language was although it is just English from less than 500 years ago. We struggle with the meaning of Shakespeare’s English or that of the King James Bible. Go back a bit further and we don’t have a clue about the English from the time of Chaucer’s ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’ from around 700 AD. We cannot even call this English anymore and now rightly call it Anglo-Saxon. So English hadn’t even been born! All languages keep changing beyond recognition. They change because they are defective. The changes are in fact corruptions. They are born and die after seven or eight hundred years –about the lifetime of a Giant Redwood Tree- because after so much corruption they have no life left in them. Surprisingly there is one language in the world that does not have this short lifespan. Samskrit is the only exception. It is a never-dying constant. The reason for the constancy in Samskrit is that it is completely structured and thought out.
There is not a word that has been left out in its grammar or etymology, which means every word can be traced back to where it came from originally. This does not mean there is no room for new words either. Just as in English we use older concepts from Greek and Latin to express modern inventions like a television: ‘tele [far] – vision [seeing]’ or ‘compute –er’. Samskrit in fact specializes in making up compound words from smaller words and parts. The word ‘Sams - krita’ itself means ‘completely – made’.
So what advantages are there to a fundamentally unchanging language? What is advantageous about an unchanging friend, say? Are they reliable? What happens if you look at a text in Samskrit from thousands of years ago?
The exceptional features of Samskrit have been recognised for a few centuries all over the world, so you will find universities from many countries having a Samskrit faculty. Whether you go to Hawai, Cambridge or Harvard and even Trinity College Dublin has a seat for Samskrit –although it is vacant at present. May be one of your children will in time fill this position again?
Although India has been its custodian, Samskrit has had universal appeal for centuries. The wisdom carried by this language appeals to the West as we can see from Yoga and Ayurvedic Medicine as well as meditation techniques, and practical philosophies like Buddhism and most of what we use in the School of Philosophy. It supports, expands and enlightens rather than conflicts withlocal traditions and religions.
The precision of Samskrit stems from the unparalleled detail on how the actual sounds of the alphabet are structured and defined. The sounds have a particular place in the mouth, nose and throat that can be defined and will never change. This is why in Samskrit the letters are called the ‘Indestructibles’ [aksharáni]. Samskrit is the only language that has consciously laid out its sounds from first principles. (courtesy- respected Swami Krishnananda ji)